Archive of the Umarian Tijaniyya by Christopher Wise

By Christopher Wise

within the mid-19th century, al-Hajj Umar Taal introduced a jihad in West Africa that eternally altered the process the region’s historical past. Taal was once a Tukulóor Fulani who was once born in Alwaar, Senegal in 1794 (or 1795). After taking the hajj to Mecca, he back to West Africa and demonstrated Tijaniyya Sufism through the sector. Taal’s jihad was once directed opposed to non-Muslim “heathen,” specifically the Bambara. It was once additionally undertaken towards French colonialism. yet, after destroying the Segu Empire of the Bambara, al-Hajj Umar turned embroiled in a bloody sectarian and inter-ethnic clash with the Massina Fulani of Hamdallahi, Mali. 20 years within the making, Wise’s Archive of the Umarian Tijaniyya is a suite of eyewitness debts of Taal’s existence and jihad, translated into English for the 1st time. unique files, written by means of Sahelian, Arab, and French authors, first seemed in Pulaar Ajami, Arabic, and French. Informants comprise Al Hajj Umar Taal, Muhammadu Aliu Tyam, Abdullai Ali, Aguibu Taal, Eugene Mage, Paul Soleillet, Henri Gaden, Thierno Mamadu Taal, Theirno Umar Taal, Al Hajj Seku Taal, and Muntaga Taal. 20 years within the making, Wise's "archive" additionally features a long advent via clever that locations Taal’s jihad in ancient context with precise connection with the 2013 jihad of the Ansar Dine in Northern Mali. The ebook contains historic illustrations, maps, and colour photographs.

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