Black Morocco: A History of Slavery, Race, and Islam by Chouki El Hamel

By Chouki El Hamel

Black Morocco: A background of Slavery, Race and Islam chronicles the experiences, identification, and employer of enslaved black humans in Morocco from the sixteenth century to the start of the 20 th century. It demonstrates the level to which faith orders society but in addition the level to which the industrial and political stipulations effect the spiritual discourse and the ideology of enslavement. the translation and alertness of Islam didn't guarantee the freedom and integration of black Moroccan ex-slaves into society. It starts with the Islamic felony discourse and racial stereotypes that existed in Moroccan society top as much as the period of Mawlay Isma'il (r. 1672-1727), with a distinct emphasis at the black military in the course of and after his reign. the 1st a part of the ebook presents a story pertaining to the legal discourse on race, concubinage and slavery in addition to ancient occasions and developments that aren't renowned in revealed scholarship and western contexts.  The moment a part of the ebook is conceptually formidable; it provides the reader with a deeper feel of the ancient and sociological implications of the tale being informed throughout a protracted time period, from the seventeenth to the 20th centuries.  notwithstanding the most powerful aspect of theses chapters matters the "black army," a tremendous part of the dialogue is the position of woman slaves.  one of many difficulties the historian faces with this sort of research is that it needs to relaxation on a limited "evidentiary base." This booklet has broadened this base and clarified the importance of girl slaves with regards to the military and Moroccan society at large.

Black Morocco redefines the phrases of the scholarly debate about the ancient nature of Moroccan slavery and proposes an original analysis of concerns bearing on race, concubinage and gender, with a special focus on their theoretical aspects.  The Moroccan approach of racial definition used to be essentially "racialist" and was once actually a curious inversion of the Western racist version.  Whereas within the western version "one drop" of black blood identifies one as black, within the Moroccan version, "one drop" of white blood identifies one as Arab (i.e., privileged).  This method helped create a"nationalist" Moroccan Arab majority and whilst subjugated black ancestry (i.e., these with no the "one drop" of Arab blood), noticeable as having more referring to the ancient antecedents of slavery.  It deals a new paradigm for the research of race within the area that may rework the best way we approach and comprehend ethnicity and racial identities in North Africa and most crucially it is helping get rid of the tradition of silence -- the refusal to engage in discussions approximately slavery, racial attitudes, and gender issues.

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